Facts About Adult Day Services in PA
A Picture of Adult Day Services in Pennsylvania
Licensing of Older Adult Daily Living Centers (adult day centers serving people 60 and older or those individuals under 60 with a primary diagnosis of dementia) is done by the PA Dept of Aging, Office of Long Term Living. Licensing of Adult Training Facilities (training programs and adult day centers serving people under 60 that do not have a primary diagnosis of dementia) is done by the Pa Dept of Welfare, Office of Developmental Programs. Some centers are licensed by both agencies because they serve a diverse population. There are 254 Older Adult Daily Living Centers licensed by the PA Dept of Aging, Office of Long Term Living. Of that number, 22 are Life Programs, 19 are centers serving primarily older adults but have at least four consumers under the age of 60 that do not have a primary diagnosis of dementia (dually licensed) and 144 centers serve only individuals 60 years and older or under 60 with a primary diagnosis of dementia (or less than 4 individuals under 60).
Findings from the PA Dept of Long Term Living 2008 study, is referenced below.
- Adult day centers provide care for an average of 4,955 care recipients each day.
- Nearly 76 percent of adult day centers are operated on a nonprofit (national number is 78), 3 percent government and the remaining 21 percent are for profit.
- The age groupings of the adult day center care recipients are as follows:
- 8% 91 or older
- 35% 81-90;
- 28% 71-80;
- 20% 61-70;
- 9% 60 and under
Nearly two-thirds of all adult day center participants are women.
- Fifty-six percent of the adult day center participants live with family, 23% in a non-relative household, while 21% live alone.
- Funding for adult day services varies but the most often found sources are private pay, Aging Options funds, Medicaid Waivers (both over and under 60), Veterans Administration and Office of Developmental programs.
- The average capacity varies by type of center and population served.
- Life programs capacity average 102
- Older Adult Daily Living Centers license only capacity average 37
- Dual licensed but larger percentage of participants under OADLC license capacity average 50
Nearly 1900 people are direct care workers in adult day centers in Pennsylvania.